- Τρίτη, 21 Ιουλίου 2009
EDUCATION AND GENDER WAGE GAP IN GREECE: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Dr. Joanna Liapi - Mila
Economist - Teacher
This research is an empirical study, which analyse the gender wage gap, as concerns Greece. It is based on the most recent and reliable data from the Survey: European Union-Statistics on Income and Living Conditions, (EU-SILC), for 2005, 2004 and 2003. The present study tries to estimate the gender wage differentials in the whole range of employees' wages, as well as the role of education in these differentials. At the same time it makes a comparison of the estimating rates over time for the years 2005, 2004, 2003. The findings suggest that education has indeed a significant and positive effect on wages that is found to be increasing with the level of education. Comparing the values of estimates between males-females, it is found that the estimating values for the education variables for women are greater than those of men. The decomposition the gender wage gap at quantile exposes that the discrimination is higher at low quantile and reach the minimum value at the high percentile. The occupational status of female labour force drives women among the less-skilled and lower-paying occupations and education could play a crucial role to change this.